An intravenous pyelogram examination helps the physician assess abnormalities in the urinary system. The exam is used to help diagnose symptoms such as blood in the urine or pain in the side or lower back.
The IVP exam can enable the radiologist to detect problems within the urinary tract resulting from:
What is a fistulogram/ Sinogram? A fistulogrm is an X-Ray procedure used to view a fistula , an abnormal passage between tow or more anatomin spaces or organs or a pathway that leads from an internal cavity or organ to the surface of the body . A sonogram is a similar procudeure done to assess a sinsu , an abnormal passage or cavity that originates or ends in one opening , often on the skin . Contrast material is used to help identify the start of the fitula/ sinus , its pathway and what organs are involved.
Radiographic tests to help diagnose diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.Like ulcers stricture osphrgaous, gastritis or intestinal lsion.
Barium follows through
Barium for IC region
A barium swallow is a test that may be used to determine the cause of painful swallowing, difficulty with swallowing, abdominal pain, bloodstained vomit, or unexplained weight loss.
Barium sulfate is a metallic compound that shows up on x-ray and is used to help see abnormalities in the esophagus and stomach. When taking the test, you drink a preparation containing this solution. The x-rays pass through your digestive system.
These problems can be detected with a barium swallow
Narrowing or irritation of the esophagus (the muscular tube between the back of the throat and the stomach)
Disorders of swallowing
Hiatal hernia (an internal defect that causes the stomach to slide partially into the chest)
Abnormally enlarged veins in the esophagus that cause bleeding
Polyps (growths that are usually not cancerous, but could be precancerous)
Barium Follow Through
Barium Follow Through is designed to demonstrate the small bowel from the duodenum to the ileoceacal region encompassing the duodenum, jejunum and ileum including the junctions superiorly with the stomach and inferiorly with the ascending colon.
Investigations of transit time
Requirement for tests:
A barium meal test may also be suggested if you are having these problems, or if you are having unexplained vomiting, pain in your abdomen, severe indigestion or blood in your stool (which may be coming from your stomach or duodenum or elsewhere in your digestive system).
Barium for IC region
Terminal ileum is the most distal part of the small intestine. It connects to the cecum, the pouch between the small and the large intestine, via the ileocecal valve.
It is importance in medicine as it can be affected in a number of diseases.
Neuroendocrine tumours (Carcinoid)
Barium Enema for large intestine
Laxative should be taken two day prior the procedure.
Plain water enema should be taken 4 hours prior procedure.